Completing a century ride is a huge accomplishment, and should be a bucket list item for every cyclist. That said, the thought of getting into good enough shape to finish one can be intimidating.
The good news is that doing a century ride is something that nearly everybody is capable of. With the right mindset, commitment, and training plan, a century ride can be almost easy. (Almost).
Here are 7 tips to help you train for a century, as well as a super simple 12 week century training plan.
Legal Dislaimer: Always consult your doctor before starting a new exercise plan.
Commit to Training 3 Days Per Week
Yes, you can train for a century ride in as little as three days per week. That doesn’t necessarily mean that you should skip exercising the other days of the week–try walking, running, swimming, or yoga-ing (more on that later) on the days that you’re not biking.
Ideally, you’ll do your bike training on non-consecutive days. Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday, for instance.
But, realistically I know that some of you will have to do both Saturday and Sunday to fit in the rides you need to do. That’s okay–work with the time and the schedule that you’ve got.
Your ideal weekly bike workouts should look something like this:
- Tuesday: Interval training (strenuous intensity)
- Thursday: Interval training (moderate intensity)
- Saturday: Long Training Ride
If you are really struggling to find the time to fit in three bike workouts per week, keep in mind that you can do your interval training as part of your bike commute, or on the trainer before everybody else has gotten up for the day.
Start Training 12 Weeks Out
Pick the event that you want to do and start training about three months out. This assumes you’re already in semi-decent shape and ride your bike a bit.
If you already ride your bike several times a week, are in good shape, and just want to up the mileage, you can do an
For the strenuous interval day, choose one of the following workouts. You should be doing these intervals as hard as you can.
- 15 min warm-up, 30 min hill repeats, 15 min cool-down
- 15 min warm-up,
1 minutesprint / 1 minute off (15 times), 15 min cool-down
For the moderate interval day, choose on of these. You should be breathing hard and sweating hard but not going at maximum intensity.
- 15 min warm-up, 30 minutes with cadence at 90+ rpm, 15 min cool-down
- 15 min warm-up, 1 minute 100 rpm / 1 minute 80 rpm (15 times), 15 min cool-down
Remember, as often as possible, these workouts should be done on non consecutive days.
Find Training Partners or Group Rides to Join
Having a support system around you can help a lot when it comes to training for a century. You’re less likely to skip a ride if you know somebody is waiting for you, and you can also pass the miles a lot more enjoyably if you have someone to chat with.
If you can find a training partner, awesome! You can follow the same training plan and follow the same workouts. This is an ideal, but not always realistic plan.
Most people will end up doing their interval training rides solo. Which is fine….you should be working at a hard enough heart rate that it’s hard to chat anyhow.
Where having riding partners really help are on your long weekend rides. If you don’t already have cycling friends (or if you want to make more), find a local bike shop or cycling club that hosts group rides.
Even if the group rides aren’t long enough for the mileage you need for your long ride, you can always add on extra before or after. Bike to and from the meet-up spot for instance.
Make Sure You Have the Right Gear
No, you don’t need fancy or expensive gear to do your first century. (I did my first century in gym shorts and a vintage road bike. True story).
A cycling computer and/or heartrate monitor also make for great training tools. You can see how far you’re going, how fast you’re going, and how hard you’re working. All of this is good to make sure you’re meeting your training goals, and also encouraging when you can see your progress.
Take Care of Your Body On and Off the Bike
You’re training for a century. That makes you a bona fide athlete. Congratulations!
Now it’s time to start acting like an athlete. That means not only doing your on-the-bike training workouts, but also taking care of your body when you’re off the bike.
One of the very best things you can do for yourself is to spend a few minutes each day, or an hour a couple of days of a week doing yoga. Yoga is seriously one of the best training tools a cyclist can have. It works out tight muscles and helps counter-act imbalances that we develop sitting on a bike all the time.
What else? Eat well! Now that you’re an athlete, food is fuel. Put good stuff in and get better performance on the bike. Make sure you’re eating LOTS of fruits and vegetables, plenty of lean protein, and tons of water each day. One of our favorite ways to get good nutrition while training is by making smoothies.
Sleep is the next obvious performance booster. When you’re training hard, you’ll probably need about an extra hour of sleep per night than what you would usually aim for. Personally, I like 9 hours of sleep per night when I’m training for a century.
Finally, address any aches and pains early on! Work on healing those saddle sores. Get a foam roller and spend 10 minutes before bed rolling out any sore areas. Take an epsom salt bath a couple times a week. Your body will thank you!
Try to Replicate the Route During Training
If you live near the course you’ll be riding, practice doing segments of it in training. That way you’ll know what to expect on event day AND you’ll know how to pace yourself on it.
If the century is out of town, or out of state, you can still train to the course. Look at the course map and elevation profile, and maybe even read the course description on the event website.
Are there big mountain passes? Find some long, steep climbs to practice in training. Rolling hills? Find a small hill and do hill repeats. Long, steady flats? Work on your speed and cadence.
The more you can practice the kind of riding you’ll be doing during the century, the better off you’ll be on the big day.
Do Some Shorter Events First
One of the best ways to train for a century ride is by signing up for some shorter events. Try a 50 miler or a 75 miler in the weeks or months leading up to your big century.
Doing these shorter events are helpful for a few reasons.
One: they are often a lot more fun than doing a 50-mile training ride all on your own. If you think you might end up skipping a long training ride, being registered for an event can help you commit. I, for one, usually poop out after about 30 miles if I’m riding by myself, but can easily ride 50 miles in a cycling event.
Second: if you haven’t done any (or many) organized rides before, it will give you an opportunity to get the hang of things. During these shorter events, you’ll figure out how many water bottles you like to carry, what you like to eat, how long and often you should stop at aid stations, etc.
That way you won’t be intimidated on the morning of your big century ride. You’ll already be an old pro.
Practice Eating And Drinking On The Bike
One of the biggest issues newer riders (and sometimes even seasoned pros) struggle with us eating and drinking on long rides. We often make it thru our shorter training rides with sub-optimal hydration and fueling, but to make it thru a century you really need to have this dialed.
If you do some shorter events prior to the big day, this is a great time to practice. Another great time to practice is on your long training days each week.
Intentionally pay attention to how much you are eating and drinking and how you feel during and after the ride. Is there anything you can do better next time?
For more info on how much and what you should be eating and drinking, read these two articles:
- Everything You Need To Know About Cycling Hydration
- Cycling Nutrition: 9 Tips For Fueling On The Bike
More Stuff You Might Like
- Why You Should Sign Up For A Cycling Event With Liz Caracciolo
- How To Develop Mental Toughness with Joanna Zeiger
- 11 Ways To Find More Time To Ride Your Bike
About The Author
Kristen Bonkoski is the founder and owner of Femme Cyclist.
An avid cyclist for a few decades now, she took to cycling during her late teen years — a time when she needed something to help boost her self-esteem and confidence.
Mission accomplished, the sport has become an important part of her life. Kristen’s favorite disciplines are mountain biking and bike commuting, although you can also find her cranking out a century on her road bike and touring with her husband and son. If it has to do with two wheels, she enjoys doing it.
Kristen is a certified USA Cycling coach, and she runs Rascal Rides, a website about biking with kids.